A substance capable of causing cancer.

Cereal crop

Grasses, such as maize or wheat, that have starchy grains. Harvested for use as human and animal feedstuffs. (Also called grain crop).


A disease that is classified as chronic is persistent/has long lasting effects.


A mycotoxin produced most commonly by Penicillium citrinum but also by some species of Aspergillus. It is a neurotoxin. Also causes an increased water consumption, diarrhoea, decreased body weight, enlarged kidneys in poultry and mottled liver. Most commonly found in maize, wheat and barley.


Known as maize in the UK. (See maize).